The Kostanay district is situated in the North part of the Kazakhstan and borders with Russia. The area represents a consumer market of more than 25 million people. The region profits from a favorable geographical position due to its proximity to such developed industrial regions as the Russian Urals in the west and Central Kazakhstan in the southeast. The Kostanay region borders with four regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Aktyubinsk, Karaganda, Akmola, and North-Kazakhstan) and three regions of the Russian Federation (Orenburg, Chelyabinsk, Kurgan).
Transportation and distribution
Roads connect Kostanay with the following cities in Russia: Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk, Troitsk, Yekaterinburg, Kurgan, and Tyumen. It is also connected by road to Astana and Almaty in Kazakhstan. Fifty-three railway stations carry cargo from Kostanay, the principal city of the region.
Kostanay International Airport handles common and charter flights to many cities in Kazakhstan, former Soviet Republics, Germany, the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, and other countries. The airport also functions as a local port of entry and customs checkpoint.
Local resources for halal sector
Agriculture accounts for approximately 6% of Kazakhstan’s economic production. More than 74% of the country’s territory is suitable for agricultural production, but only 25% of the land is arable.
Farmers raise sheep and cattle, and livestock products include dairy goods, leather, meat, and wool. Average consumption of meat collectively grows at a rate of 7.7%. Poultry is amongst the fastest growing sectors in the nation, showing a CAGR of 13.5% over recent years. Consumption of chicken meat now peaks at around 20 kg per person annually.
Across the board, Kazakhs consume between 50-60 kg of meat per capita a year on average. This only goes to show the prevalence of meat in Kazakh cooking, which takes in any number of traditional meat dishes.
Beef dominates. As much as 80% of all meat consumed throughout Central Asia’s largest economy is beef. Kazakhstan is a top ten nation when it comes to beef consumption, with nearly 30 kg consumed annually per capita.
Even so, domestic production has failed to cover domestic demand for meat products of all varieties. Kazakhstan falls flat in meeting its population’s desire for meat. Total domestic output amounts to about 900 thousand tons. Total consumption comes to 1.08 million tons, leaving a deficit. Imports from the US and Russia covered the deficit– but imports have dropped off.
The country’s major crops are wheat, barley, cotton, and rice, with wheat exports a major source of hard currency. The sown area of vegetables is about 133.1 thousand hectares, melons (any of various plants of the family Cucurbitacease sweet edible, fleshy fruit) – 82.3 thousand hectares. Gross harvest of vegetables is about 3 million tons, melons – 2 million tons.
The largest share in vegetable production (3,061.5 thousand tons) is presented by tomatoes – 650.7 thousand tons (21.25%); onions -573.4 thousand tons (18.7%); cabbage – 442.4 thousand tons (14.45%); carrots – 445.8 thousand tons (14.6%); cucumbers – 362.8 thousand tons (11.85%). Thus, the volume of production of vegetable and tobacco crops in the Republic exceeds the demand of the population in accordance with the national consumption rate by 2.1 times.
Gross harvest of fruit and berry crops amounts to about 214.7 thousand tons. Thus, the volume of production of fruit and berry crops meet the country’s domestic demand for these products by only 60%.
The Kostanay region’s climate is continental, with strongly pronounced alternation of four seasons. Average temperatures: January: -18 to -19 °С, July: 19 to 22 °С. In the winter, the temperature can be as cold as -25 to -30 °C. In summer, the temperature can reach 30 °C. The annual amount of precipitation is 300–350 mm in the northern areas and 240 to 280 mm in the south. The growing season is about 150 to 175 days in the north and 180 days in the south.
The Kostanay region has had the status of the primary granaries of the country for decades. But at the same time, it is actively developing the other sectors of agriculture. Local farmers have also begun to create livestock and grow lots of vegetables. 7 feedlots and 13 breeding farms are open in the region. Another 36 enterprises are engaged in the processing of meat. More than 13,500 hectares of land is planted with fruits and vegetables. In 2016, the Kostanay region produced 2,200 tons of meat for export.